Ateha (Atifa in the local sound) is an Okinawan dialect that means the power of a thrust or punch. It is written as toha in kanji. According to the Soke (Tomomasa Motobu), his father, Choki Motobu, used to say, “No matter how good the kata is, it’s useless unless you can do it.”
As for whether the kanji for Toha is correct, according to Soke, the meaning of Ateha is “to break through,” so I don’t think Toha is correct. This is because in Shuri, the word “to hit” was elegantly pronounced “Atiyun” (hit). In response, people in Naha said, “Kurusun” (to kill). It’s a rather arrogant way of saying it, but since Naha is a downtown area, similar to Asakusa in Edo, people probably preferred to use it in a more dignified way. On the other hand, since Shuri is the home of the king, elegant expressions were preferred.
Therefore, toha was probably originally a word used by the people of Shuri. I don’t know if the people of Naha called it Kurusunhwa. Come to think of it, Naha-te Goju-ryu has a form called Kururunfa.
Nowadays, there are various misunderstandings about toha. Many people interpret toha as the power of a true fist thrust, especially the power of a reverse thrust from a puller. However, in the traditional karate that Motobu Chōki learned and practiced, there were a variety of other types of thrusts, such as urauchi (urafist), courser (one fist), saruga (elbow strike), teto, and tsukute, in addition to the formal karate. , Seiken-tsuki was not only done from the puller’s hand, but there was also a zente-tsuki (knot-tsuki) from the front hands of the husband and wife.
The true value of Choki Motobu’s toha lies not in the straight fist punch he delivers from the puller, but in the short punch he delivers from a position that is just barely on the target. An episode that shows this is written in Mizuhiko Nakata’s “Motobu Choki Sensei’s Words” (1978), and I will introduce it below.
The above episode probably occurred after Motobu Chōki was in his 60s. Even at that age, he had such powerful thrusts. By the way, according to the head family, Motobu Chōki was also against the idea of splitting tiles, as the Nakata clan said. They say, “Tiles are for the roof.ThatchIt’s a spider, not something to split.” Since he was from the past, he probably didn’t want to treat things poorly in order to show off his power.
What nourishes toha is makiwaratuki. Choki Motobu’s makiwaratsuki is also different from the modern makiwaratsuki that you often see on YouTube. Many of the techniques of karate have been lost or their characteristics have significantly changed in modern times.
“Toha” (Ameblo, December 10, 2017).